1890 – 1915
As for Georgian and Victorian architecture, the Edwardian architecture style was named after King Edward VIII. But as the style of architecture began before Edward’s reign and continued for five years after it, the general term ‘Federation Architecture’ was coined in Australia in 1969, reflecting the joining of states as a Federation to form one nation, in 1901. Accordingly, ‘Federation’ is the reference we now use when discussing the Edwardian style of architecture in Australia.
Despite earlier style influences, this period of architecture was characterised by developments the in adornment of roofing, finials and decorative ridge tiles.
Despite the wonderful use of decorative wrought iron, this period saw a decline in its use. The decorative function it served was replaced with decorative and expert ornamental woodwork. The brickwork in the building also became more decorative.
Buildings moved from a stronger emphasis on substance to adornment and decoration – with brickwork being used decoratively around windows and doors – and in some instances in chimneys as well. The interest in leadlight windows continued to influence this architectural period however earlier interest in a long verandah gave way to the entry porch with decorative wooden additions replacing wrought iron adornments.
The Federation period saw the emergence of the Queen Anne, Arts & Crafts, Federation Bungalow, Anglo-Dutch, Warehouse and Federation Queenslander architectural styles