1915 – 1945
Up until the period between the two World Wars the greatest influence on Australian architecture had been the English and Classic styles as interpreted by the British. Now, however, with the advent of the wireless, the gramophone and the motion picture industry, a whole new influence began to shape Australia’s culture – it was that of the American culture.
Australia’s appetite for Americanism was insatiable and soon the Californian bungalow was the house to have, with influences from the Mediterranean and the Spanish.
Improved technology, increased transportation and communication options meant that distances could be bridged more easily, leading to expanding suburbs with the machine age influencing building design.
The modern movement, which did away with decorative design in favour of a more streamlined functional building that was almost devoid decorative embellishment, represented the mechanics of structure and its function alone. These types of functional boxes soon became the new way to set up factories, erect civic infrastructure and to make homes.
The Inter-war period saw the emergence of the Art Deco, Functionalist, Mediterranean, Spanish Mission, Californian Bungalow, Old-English and Inter-war Queenslander architectural styles.